Tracing one’s roots back to the Mayflower is a journey that captivates the imagination and stirs a sense of connection to the early days of American history. The Mayflower, a ship that carried a group of English Pilgrims to the shores of what would later become the United States, holds a significant place in the nation’s narrative. For those seeking to explore their lineage and discover if they have Mayflower ancestry, Pilgrim genealogy offers a fascinating and rewarding pursuit.

The Pilgrims, who arrived on the Mayflower in 1620, played a crucial role in shaping the foundation of the United States. Their courage, determination, and quest for religious freedom have made them enduring symbols of America’s early beginnings. Many individuals today can trace their family trees back to these intrepid passengers, uncovering a rich heritage that links them to this remarkable group.

In this guide to Pilgrim genealogy, we will explore various aspects of researching your Mayflower lineage. We will delve into essential genealogical records, introduce you to valuable online resources, guide you in connecting with Mayflower descendant societies, and provide tips for documenting and preserving your Pilgrim heritage. Through this journey of discovery, you will gain a deeper appreciation for your Pilgrim roots and the enduring legacy of the Mayflower voyage.


Uncovering the lineage of Mayflower Pilgrim ancestors is an exciting and rewarding endeavour that allows individuals to connect with their rich historical heritage. The voyage of the Mayflower in 1620 marked a pivotal moment in American history, and tracing your lineage back to those intrepid passengers can provide a profound sense of belonging and pride. To embark on this genealogical journey, it is essential to understand the research methods and resources available for researching Mayflower Pilgrim ancestors.

    1. Begin with Yourself and Your Immediate Family: The first step in researching your Mayflower Pilgrim ancestors is to gather information about your immediate family. Collect birth, marriage, and death certificates, as well as any family documents, photographs, or heirlooms that might contain valuable clues. Speak with older relatives who may have knowledge of ancestral connections to the Mayflower.
    2. Consult Existing Research: Numerous genealogical researchers and historians have dedicated their efforts to documenting Mayflower ancestry. Before delving into your own research, consult published works and online databases that provide comprehensive lists of Mayflower passengers and their descendants. These resources can offer a solid starting point and potentially save you time and effort.
    3. Utilize Reliable Genealogical Sources: As you delve deeper into your research, it is crucial to rely on reliable genealogical sources. Vital records such as birth, marriage, and death certificates, as well as census records, land deeds, wills, and probate records, can provide vital information about your ancestors. Local archives, historical societies, and libraries are excellent places to access these records and gain insights into your Mayflower lineage.
    4. Leverage Online Genealogical Databases: The digital age has revolutionized genealogical research, providing access to a vast array of online databases and resources. Websites such as, and offer extensive collections of historical records, including passenger lists, family trees, and historical documents. These platforms enable you to search for your Mayflower ancestors and connect with other researchers who may have valuable insights or shared lineage.
    5. Join Mayflower Descendant Societies: Mayflower descendant societies are organizations dedicated to preserving the history and lineage of Mayflower Pilgrims and their descendants. Joining these societies can provide invaluable support, resources, and connections with fellow researchers. Membership often grants access to specialized databases, publications, and research assistance specific to Mayflower genealogy.
    6. Collaborate and Network: Genealogical research is often enhanced through collaboration and networking. Engage with online forums, social media groups, and local genealogical societies focused on Mayflower ancestry. By connecting with others who share your interest, you can exchange information, seek guidance, and benefit from the collective knowledge and experiences of fellow researchers.
    7. Consider Hiring a Professional Genealogist: If you encounter roadblocks or feel overwhelmed by the complexities of tracing your Mayflower lineage, it may be worthwhile to enlist the services of a professional genealogist specializing in Mayflower ancestry. These experts possess specialized knowledge and access to resources that can expedite your research and provide valuable insights into your ancestral connections.


To aid you in your quest for Mayflower ancestry, here are some of the essential genealogical records that can help uncover and confirm your lineage.

    1. Mayflower Passenger Lists: The Mayflower passenger lists are the starting point for any Mayflower genealogical research. These lists document the names of the passengers who embarked on the voyage to America. The two primary records to consult are the “Mayflower Compact” and William Bradford’s “Of Plymouth Plantation.” These texts provide valuable insights into the individuals who made the historic journey, allowing you to determine if any of your ancestors were among them.
    2. Birth, Marriage, and Death Certificates: Vital records such as birth, marriage, and death certificates are fundamental in establishing familial connections and verifying dates and relationships. Start with your immediate ancestors and work backward, collecting these certificates for each generation. Look for any connections to known Mayflower passengers, as well as corroborating evidence that supports your lineage.
    3. Census Records: Census records offer a snapshot of families and individuals at specific points in time. The United States federal censuses, conducted every ten years, provide valuable information about your ancestors’ households, including names, ages, birthplaces, occupations, and familial relationships. By analyzing census records, you can track the movement and growth of your family over generations, potentially leading to connections with Mayflower ancestors.
    4. Wills, Probate Records, and Land Deeds: Wills, probate records, and land deeds provide crucial insights into familial relationships, property ownership, and wealth distribution. These records can confirm intergenerational connections and help establish links to Mayflower ancestors. Seek out probate records for your ancestors, as well as land deeds that may reference ancestral land holdings. They can provide tangible evidence of your lineage and historical ties.
    5. Church and Parish Records: Church and parish records play a significant role in Mayflower genealogy research, particularly for those who can trace their lineage back to the early colonial period. Baptismal, marriage, and burial records maintained by churches and parishes can provide essential details about your ancestors, including their religious affiliations, baptism dates, and familial connections. These records often serve as primary sources of information for early American settlers.
    6. Military Records: Military service was common among early American settlers, including Mayflower descendants. Military records, such as muster rolls, pension applications, and service records, can shed light on your ancestors’ military involvement and provide additional evidence for establishing familial relationships. Look for military records that mention your ancestors’ participation in conflicts such as the Revolutionary War, the War of 1812, or the Civil War.
    7. Family Bibles, Diaries, and Personal Correspondence: Family Bibles, diaries, and personal correspondence within your family can hold invaluable genealogical information. These primary sources may contain birth, marriage, and death records, as well as personal anecdotes, names, and relationships that are not recorded elsewhere. Reach out to extended family members to inquire about the existence of any such documents or records that could provide insights into your Mayflower lineage.


Here are some recommended online resources to explore:

    1. (New England Historic Genealogical Society):, the website of the New England Historic Genealogical Society (NEHGS), is an exceptional resource for Pilgrim genealogy. It offers access to an extensive collection of databases, including Mayflower-related records, passenger lists, family histories, and vital records. NEHGS also provides expert guidance, research services, and educational resources for those tracing their Mayflower ancestry. Visit their website at: []
    2. Mayflower Families Fifth Generation Descendants (Silver Books): The Mayflower Families Fifth Generation Descendants series, also known as the Silver Books, is a valuable resource for Pilgrim genealogy. Published by the General Society of Mayflower Descendants (GSMD), these books document the first five generations of Mayflower passengers and their descendants. They provide detailed lineage information, documentation, and research references. The Silver Books can be accessed through various library systems and are also available for purchase. Visit the GSMD website for more information: [
    3. is a free genealogical website that offers a vast collection of historical records and resources. It provides access to digitized birth, marriage, death, census, and military records from around the world. The website also features a collaborative family tree platform where you can connect with other researchers and potentially find shared Mayflower connections. Explore their Mayflower-specific resources and collections here: []
    4. is a popular subscription-based genealogical website that provides access to a vast collection of historical records, including census records, vital records, military records, and immigration records. It also offers a robust community and collaborative features, allowing you to connect and collaborate with other researchers. Search their extensive database for Mayflower-related records and family trees: []
    5. Pilgrim Hall Museum: The Pilgrim Hall Museum website offers valuable resources for Pilgrim genealogy research. It provides access to online exhibits, educational materials, and a searchable database of Mayflower passengers. The database contains biographical information, family connections, and historical documents related to the Pilgrims. Explore their resources here: []


One of the most rewarding aspects of tracing your lineage back to Mayflower Pilgrims is the opportunity to connect with Mayflower descendant societies. These organizations are dedicated to preserving the history, lineage, and legacy of the Mayflower passengers and their descendants. By joining these societies, you can immerse yourself in a community of like-minded individuals, gain access to specialized resources, and participate in events and activities that celebrate your Pilgrim heritage. Here are some key reasons and steps for connecting with Mayflower descendant societies.

    1. Preserving History and Lineage: Mayflower descendant societies play a crucial role in preserving the history and lineage of the Mayflower passengers. By joining these societies, you contribute to the ongoing efforts of documenting and sharing the stories, achievements, and struggles of the Pilgrims. Your membership helps ensure that the legacy of the Mayflower voyage endures for future generations.
    2. Access to Specialized Resources: Mayflower descendant societies provide access to a wealth of specialized resources for genealogical research. They maintain extensive databases, archival materials, and publications that can aid in your journey of discovering and validating your Mayflower lineage. These resources often include exclusive databases, surname indexes, lineage books, and scholarly publications dedicated to Mayflower genealogy.
    3. Networking and Collaboration: Joining a Mayflower descendant society offers a unique opportunity to network and collaborate with other researchers and enthusiasts who share your passion for Mayflower genealogy. Engaging with fellow society members through meetings, conferences, and online forums allows you to exchange knowledge, insights, and research tips. Collaborative efforts can lead to discoveries, breakthroughs, and a deeper understanding of your Pilgrim ancestry.
    4. Educational Programs and Events: Mayflower descendant societies frequently organize educational programs, lectures, workshops, and events that delve into various aspects of Mayflower history and genealogy. These gatherings provide opportunities to learn from experts in the field, attend seminars on genealogical research techniques, and gain a broader understanding of the Pilgrims’ impact on American history. Engaging in these activities can deepen your knowledge and enhance your research skills.
    5. Lineage Verification and Membership: Mayflower descendant societies often have a formal process for lineage verification, which involves establishing your connection to a Mayflower passenger through documented evidence. Successfully proving your lineage can lead to membership in the society, granting you access to additional resources, publications, and networking opportunities. Membership in a Mayflower descendant society not only validates your Pilgrim ancestry but also allows you to contribute to the society’s mission and participate in its activities.

Steps to Connect with Mayflower Descendant Societies: To connect with Mayflower descendant societies, follow these steps:

    1. Research and Identify Relevant Societies: Explore different Mayflower descendant societies to find those that align with your lineage and geographical area. Some well-known societies include the General Society of Mayflower Descendants (GSMD) and state or regional Mayflower descendant societies.
    2. Review Membership Requirements: Understand the membership requirements and lineage verification process of the societies you are interested in. Familiarize yourself with the documentation needed to establish your connection to a Mayflower passenger.
    3. Gather Documentation: Collect the necessary birth, marriage, death certificates, and other supporting documents that establish the lineage from yourself to a Mayflower passenger.
    4. Submit Your Application: Complete the membership application and submit it along with the required documentation and membership fees to the chosen Mayflower descendant society.
    5. Engage and Participate: Once you become a member, actively engage with the society by attending meetings, events, and conferences. Utilize their resources, contribute to their publications, and collaborate with fellow members to deepen your understanding of your Mayflower heritage.

Connecting with Mayflower descendant societies opens doors to a vibrant community of individuals passionate about preserving and celebrating the Pilgrim legacy. By joining these societies, you not only enrich your own genealogical journey but also contribute to the collective mission of honoring and remembering the Mayflower passengers and their profound impact on American history.


Here are some key considerations for documenting and preserving your Pilgrim heritage:

    1. Organize Your Research: Create a systematic approach to organize your genealogical research. Keep track of the sources you consult, record your findings, and maintain a comprehensive and well-structured family tree. Utilize software, online platforms, or traditional pen-and-paper methods to organize and store your genealogical data effectively.
    2. Cite Your Sources: Accurate documentation requires citing the sources of your information. Record the specific details of each source, including author names, publication dates, URLs, or repository information. Citing sources not only establishes credibility but also helps other researchers verify and build upon your findings.
    3. Digitize Important Documents: Digitize important documents, such as birth certificates, marriage records, and photographs, to ensure their long-term preservation. Scan or photograph these documents using high-resolution settings and store them securely on multiple backup devices or cloud storage platforms. This safeguards the originals from damage and enables easy sharing with family members and fellow researchers.
    4. Preserve Family Stories: Capture and preserve family stories, anecdotes, and oral histories related to your Pilgrim heritage. Conduct interviews with older family members, record their memories, and transcribe or digitally archive these valuable narratives. These stories provide a personal and intimate connection to your Pilgrim ancestors and add depth and richness to your family history.
    5. Share and Collaborate: Share your genealogical findings and discoveries with other family members, genealogical societies, and online communities dedicated to Mayflower genealogy. Engage in collaborative research projects, contribute to online forums, and participate in the collective effort of preserving and expanding knowledge about the Pilgrims and their descendants.
    6. Consider Donating: Consider donating copies of your well-documented research and digitized materials to relevant genealogical or historical repositories. These institutions specialize in preserving and sharing historical records and artifacts, ensuring that your Pilgrim heritage will be accessible to future researchers and genealogists.
    7. Educate Future Generations: Pass on your Pilgrim heritage to future generations by educating and involving younger family members in the exploration of their ancestral roots. Share stories, display family photographs, and involve them in the process of researching and preserving the family history. Instilling a sense of pride and understanding of their Pilgrim heritage ensures its continuation for years to come.

By documenting and preserving your Pilgrim heritage, you contribute to the collective tapestry of Mayflower genealogy and help maintain the legacy of those brave individuals who embarked on that historic voyage. Your efforts ensure that future generations can connect with and appreciate their Pilgrim ancestry, carrying forward the enduring spirit of the Mayflower passengers for centuries to come.